Plinia glomerata
(Myrtaceae)
 

 

Common Names 

English: cabelluda, yellow jaboticaba

Spanish: cabelluda, jaboticaba amarilla  

Portuguese: cabeludinha

 

Origin and Distribution 

Native to Brazil.  Sporadically cultivated throughout the humid tropics.

 

Botanical Synonyms

Eugenia cabelluda, Eugenia cabelludo, Eugenia tomentosa, Myrciaria glomerata and Paramyrciaria glomerata.

 

Description

Cabelluda is a large shrub or small tree, 10 to 24 feet (3 to 7 m) in height, with multiple thin trunks.  The young stems and leaves are pubescent.  Leaves are dark green, opposite, about 1 inch (2.5 cm) wide and 4 inches (10 cm) long.  Small white flowers are perfect and occur in axillary clusters.  Fruits are round, yellow and pubescent, about 1 inch (2.5 cm) in diameter, with one or two seeds.  They are sweet and aromatic, with a flavor similar to apricot (Prunus armeniaca). 

 

Plinia glomerata fruits and foliage

 

Propagation and Culture

Cabelluda is propagated by seed.  Fruiting occurs in 2-3 years, when the tree is as small as 3 feet (1 m) tall.  Cabelluda grows best in moist, fertile soils, and fruits well in full sun as well as partial shade.  It is cold tolerant, surviving temperatures as low as 27F
(-3C).  In Puerto Rico, the cabelluda fruits from March through May.

 

Cultivars and Related Species
No cultivars of cabelluda are known.

Related species include Marlierea edulis (cambuca), Myrciaria cauliflora and Myrciaria jaboticaba (jaboticaba), Myrciaria dubia (camu camu) and Myricaria vexator (blue grape).

 

Uses

Cabelluda fruits are delicious fresh, and can also be used for juices and jams.  The tree, with its compact growth, dark green leaves, and shade tolerance, is also a beautiful ornamental.

 

More information on cabelluda

Cabeludinha
Description in Portuguese from a Brazilian website.

 

Plinia glomerata flowers

 

 

 

 

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