English: cabelluda, yellow jaboticaba
Spanish: cabelluda, jaboticaba amarilla
Origin and Distribution
Native to Brazil. Sporadically cultivated throughout the humid tropics.
Eugenia cabelluda, Eugenia cabelludo, Eugenia tomentosa, Myrciaria glomerata and Paramyrciaria glomerata.
Cabelluda is a large shrub or small tree, 10 to 24 feet (3 to 7 m) in height, with multiple thin trunks. The young stems and leaves are pubescent. Leaves are dark green, opposite, about 1 inch (2.5 cm) wide and 4 inches (10 cm) long. Small white flowers are perfect and occur in axillary clusters. Fruits are round, yellow and pubescent, about 1 inch (2.5 cm) in diameter, with one or two seeds. They are sweet and aromatic, with a flavor similar to apricot (Prunus armeniaca).
Propagation and Culture
is propagated by seed. Fruiting occurs in 2-3 years, when the tree is as
small as 3 feet (1 m) tall. Cabelluda grows best in moist, fertile soils,
and fruits well in full sun as well as partial shade. It is cold tolerant,
surviving temperatures as low as 27F
Cultivars and Related Species
Related species include Marlierea edulis (cambuca), Myrciaria cauliflora and Myrciaria jaboticaba (jaboticaba), Myrciaria dubia (camu camu) and Myricaria vexator (blue grape).
Cabelluda fruits are delicious fresh, and can also be used for juices and jams. The tree, with its compact growth, dark green leaves, and shade tolerance, is also a beautiful ornamental.
More information on cabelluda
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