English: grumichama, Brazilian cherry
Spanish: grumichama, grumichana
French: cerisier du Brésil, jambosier du Brésil
Origin and Distribution
The grumichama is native to southeastern Brazil. It is cultivated sporadically throughout the tropics and subtropics.
Eugenia dombeyi, E. filipes, Myrtus dombeyi and Stenocalyx brasiliensis.
Large shrub to small tree, reaching 18-40 feet (5.5-12 m). Leaves opposite, 3-5 inches (7.6-13 cm) long, glossy and oval to elliptic. Perfect axillary flowers, solitary or in groups of two or three. Fruits round, purple, red or yellow, with a long peduncle, around 1 inch (2.5 cm) in diameter, juicy and sweet. Fruits contain one or two seeds.
Propagation and Culture
Grumichama is propagated by seed and grafting. Seeds germinate in about 30 days. The plants prefer soil with abundant organic matter and a pH of 5.5-6.5. It grows well in full sun to partial shade. Plants are reportedly hardy to 28 F (-2 C). Begins fruiting at 4-5 years from seed. In Puerto Rico, flowering occurs from February to May, and fruiting from March to June.
Cultivars and Related Species
There are no named cultivars of grumichama, but there are three types: purple, red and yellow. There are approximately 40 Eugenia species with edible fruits.
Grumichama fruits are delicious fresh, and are also used to make juices, wines, jams and jellies. The tree is a beautiful ornamental.
Nutritional composition per 100 g grumichama fruit
More information on grumichama
From Julia Morton's "Fruits of Warm Climates".
An article from the University of Florida which covers grumichama and three other Brazilian Myrtaceae.
Gardens, Hwy 120 Km 18.9, Box 692, Maricao, Puerto Rico 00606 USA
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